It includes integrated studies of regions and hydrographic basins with the use of geochemical, geophysical and ecotoxicological approaches. An emphasis is placed on environmental geochemical studies in mining, urban and rural areas, the monitoring of natural radiation, the use of geographic information systems, the assessment of the effects of pollution on human health and the implementation of environmental mitigation and remediation technologies. Experimental research in analytical geochemistry is a fundamental part of this line encompassing the development of methods for the analysis of solid, liquid and organic matrices, in addition to the clarification of the nature and kinetics of geochemical processes. The use of natural resources and the effects of the same on ecosystems and human groups are also addressed.